Belarusians Contributing to the World Science and Technology Development (Boris Laskorin)

24 june 2020


105 years ago (June 24, 1915) in Brest-Litovsk, Grodno province, an outstanding scientist Boris Laskorin was born. He belongs to the galaxy of the first Soviet scientists who took part in the creation of the country's nuclear, energy and economic sectors. He was one of the active participants in the formation of the USSR nuclear industry and one of the founders of the Leading Research Institute of Chemical Technology. During his scientific career he spent most of the time studying radioactive, rare, non-ferrous and precious metals and developing industrial technologies for their production.

The main part of scientific ideas and practical works of Boris Laskorin was implemented under his leadership at all mining enterprises (20 in total), as well as a number of radiochemical enterprises of the nuclear industry of the Soviet Union.

In the shortest possible time, under his scientific supervision, the reconstruction of hydrometallurgical uranium enterprises was successfully carried out, which ensured the creation of huge uranium industry in the Soviet Union and Eastern European countries in 1958-1965.

In 1977, he assisted in the creation of the Institute of Integrated Subsoil Development Problems at the USSR Academy of Sciences. Later he headed the Mineral Processing Department, and was the Chairman of the Dissertation Council.

The outstanding contribution was made by the academician in solving ecological problems. He was the Chairman of the Committee for Environmental Protection of the All-Union Scientific and Technical Society and until recently was the Chairman of the Commission for the Natural Waters Protection under the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences, whose activities contributed to the conservation of Lake Baikal and the revival of the Volga resources.

The contribution of Boris Laskorin to the development of nuclear energy and the defense complex of the USSR and Russia can’t be overestimated. With his active participation in the system of the military-industrial complex of the USSR, more than 50 enterprises were created (besides enterprises in other sectors of the national economy). It was his unique technologies, superior in efficiency to the technologies used in those years around the world that supplied the country's developing atomic energy with fuel and provided the necessary materials for the creators of nuclear weapons, which ultimately led to the achievement of strategic parity and the elimination of the nuclear war threat.

Boris Laskorin is an academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences (1976), academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences (1991), professor, doctor of technical sciences, honored inventor of the RSFSR (1964), winner of the Lenin and State Prizes of the USSR, specialist in the field of chemistry and technology of radioactive, non-ferrous and precious metals, synthesis of organic sorbents, extractants, ion-exchange membranes, one of the founders of the nuclear industry of the USSR.

From the database of the Republican Library for Science and Technology.

Photo: Portrait of Boris Laskorin